Carbon dating of shroud of turin
From these journals we learn that the outermost fibers of the cloth are coated with a layer of starch fractions and various saccharides.
In places, the coating has turned into a caramel-like substance, thus forming the images. We learn, also, of a faint second image of the face on the backside of the cloth.
Had I, I would have certainly accepted the conclusion. The year 1356 was a time of unbridled superstition in demons, witches, magic, and miracle-working relics.
It was a time of frequent famine and the Black Death plague.
Our knowledge of this time in history rightly conditions us to be suspicious of any relic that might appear in Europe at this time. In metaphoric parlance, the Shroud of Turin was never a blip on my radar screen.
And it would have likely remained that way were it not for a single enigmatic fact that Cahill mentioned: the picture on the Shroud of Turin was a negative. But rather than marveling at this fact, I doubted it.
Indicative of the thinking in this age, some believed that the plague was God’s retribution on the whole world because the Pope was not in the eternal city.
I was so convinced that the Shroud of Turin was a fake that I doubted the images were negatives. I was certain that no artist, no craftsman, no faker of relics, could possibly paint a negative of a human face.
To do so is like trying to write your signature upside down and backwards.
More sensitive tests, some undertaken at the National Science Foundation Mass Spectrometry Center of Excellence at the University of Nebraska, proved, beyond a shadow of a doubt, Mc Crone was wrong.
Starting in 2003, new evidence began to appear in that supported the Shroud of Turin’s authenticity.
In this climate of superstition, naiveté and disorder a lucrative market in false relics flourished.